By Kevin Shillington
The Encyclopedia of African historical past includes round 1,000 entries overlaying the widest plausible diversity of themes in African background. It covers the entire continent of Africa-- not only sub-Saharan--from earliest instances to the current. the choice of entries contains not just well-established themes, but in addition seems on the social, monetary, linguistic, anthropological, and political matters which are presently being re-evaluated or newly spread out for historic research through fresh examine and booklet. it's an updated paintings of reference for all people who are thinking about educating, studying, or learning Africa and its background, in addition to the intense common reader. the 2 volumes additionally comprise illustrations, maps, and acceptable indexes.
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Abd al-Mu’min: Almohad Empire, 1140-1269 The circumstances surrounding ‘Abd al-Mu’min’s accession to power after the death of ibn Tumart, founder of the Almohad movement, are still unknown. ‘Abd al-Mu’min did not belong to one of the so-called Almohad tribes (the first to embrace the Mahdi’s doctrine), and furthermore, other members of ibn Tumart’s “entourage” occupied a higher rank and could have claimed rights of succession. It seems, however, that the fact that he was a relative outsider was an asset rather than a liability, and he was viewed as a compromise candidate among Masmuda chiefs.
Clancy-Smith, Julia. Rebel and Saint. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1994. Danziger, Raphael. Abd al-Qadir and the Algerians: Resistance to the French and Internal Consolidation. New York: Holmes and Meier Publishers, 1977. Ibn al-Tuhami, Mustafa. Sirat al-Amir Abd al-Qadir wa-jihadihu. Bayrut, Lubnan: Dar al-Gharb al-Islami, 1995. King, John. “‘Arms and the Man’: Abd el-Kader,” History Today, vol. 40 (August 1990), 22–28. ‘Abd el-Krim: See Morocco: Resistance and Collaboration, Bu Hmara to Abdelkrim (Ibn ‘Abd el-Krim).
To these historians, African peoples had no history of significance and were distinguished only by a variety of custom and tradition. Any contrary evidence of indigenous sophistication and development was interpreted as the work of outside (by implication, northern Eurasian) immigration or influence. The origins of Great Zimbabwe (a Shona kingdom founded between 1100 and 1450), originally believed by European colonial historians to be non-African despite much evidence to the contrary, proved to be the most notorious and persistent of these myths.
Encyclopedia of African History by Kevin Shillington